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Nevada Laws on Assisted Suicide
Unclear


It is unclear if Nevada classifies assisted suicide as illegal under common law. Common law is a body of law that is based on custom and general principles and is embodied in case law that serves as precedent or is applied to situations not covered by statute. Americans United for Life (AUL), in their "Nevada 2014 Report Card" available at www.aul.org, states that the "state has not enacted a specific statute prohibiting assisted suicide and it does not recognize common law crimes (including assisted suicide). Further, there is no judicial decision stating whether assisted suicide is a form of homicide under Nevada's general homicide laws." Laws governing withholding or withdrawal of life-sustaining treatment indicate that they do not condone or authorize suicide, mercy-killing, assisted suicide, or euthanasia, but do not indicate the legality or illegality of such acts.

NRS 1.030 Application of common law in courts.

The common law of England, so far as it is not repugnant to or in conflict with the Constitution and laws of the United States, or the Constitution and laws of this State, shall be the rule of decision in all the courts of this State.
[1911 CPA § 532; RL § 5474; NCL § 9021]


NRS 449.650 Death does not constitute suicide or homicide; effect of declaration on policy of insurance; prohibiting or requiring execution of declaration prohibited as condition for insurance or receipt of health care.

1. Death resulting from the withholding or withdrawal of life-sustaining treatment in accordance with NRS 449.535 to 449.690, inclusive, does not constitute, for any purpose, a suicide or homicide.

2. The making of a declaration pursuant to NRS 449.600 does not affect the sale, procurement or issuance of a policy of life insurance or annuity, nor does it affect, impair or modify the terms of an existing policy of life insurance or annuity. A policy of life insurance or annuity is not legally impaired or invalidated by the withholding or withdrawal of life-sustaining treatment from an insured, notwithstanding any term to the contrary.

3. A person may not prohibit or require the execution of a declaration as a condition for being insured for, or receiving, health care.
(Added to NRS by 1977, 761; A 1991, 636)


NRS 449.670 Actions contrary to reasonable medical standards not required; mercy-killing, assisted suicide or euthanasia not authorized.

1. NRS 449.535 to 449.690, inclusive, do not require a physician or other provider of health care to take action contrary to reasonable medical standards.

2. NRS 449.535 to 449.690, inclusive, do not condone, authorize or approve mercy-killing, assisted suicide or euthanasia.
(Added to NRS by 1977, 761; A 1991, 637; 1995, 1794)


NRS 449.6954 Death does not constitute suicide or homicide; effect of POLST form on policy of insurance; prohibiting or requiring execution of POLST form prohibited as condition for insurance or receipt of health care.

1. Death that results when emergency care or life-sustaining treatment has been withheld pursuant to a Physician Order for Life-Sustaining Treatment form and in accordance with the provisions of NRS 449.691 to 449.697, inclusive, does not constitute a suicide or homicide.

2. The execution of a POLST form does not affect the sale, procurement or issuance of a policy of life insurance or an annuity, nor does it affect, impair or modify the terms of an existing policy of life insurance or an annuity. A policy of life insurance or an annuity is not legally impaired or invalidated if emergency care or life-sustaining treatment has been withheld from an insured who has executed a POLST form, notwithstanding any term in the policy or annuity to the contrary.

3. A person may not prohibit or require the execution of a POLST form as a condition of being insured for, or receiving, health care.
(Added to NRS by 2013, 2287)


NRS 449.6958 Actions contrary to reasonable medical standards not required; mercy-killing, euthanasia or assisted suicide not authorized; rights associated with other advance directives not impaired; right to make decisions concerning emergency care or life-sustaining treatment not affected.

The provisions of NRS 449.691 to 449.697, inclusive, do not:

1. Require a provider of health care to take any action contrary to reasonable medical standards;

2. Affect the responsibility of a provider of health care to provide treatment for a patient’s comfort or alleviation of pain;

3. Condone, authorize or approve mercy killing, euthanasia or assisted suicide;

4. Except as otherwise provided in NRS 449.6946, affect or impair any right created pursuant to the provisions of any other types of advance directives; or

5. Affect the right of a patient to make decisions concerning the use of emergency care or life-sustaining treatment, if he or she is able to do so.
(Added to NRS by 2013, 2288)