Last updated on: 8/23/2007 | Author: ProCon.org

Pope John Paul II Biography

Title:
264th Pope of the Catholic Apostolic Roman Church
Position:
Con to the question "Should Euthanasia or Physician-Assisted Suicide Be Legal?"
Reasoning:

“I confirm that euthanasia is a grave violation of the law of God, since it is the deliberate and morally unacceptable killing of a human person. This doctrine is based upon the natural law and upon the written word of God, is transmitted by the Church’s Tradition and taught by the ordinary and universal Magisterium…

To concur with the intention of another person to commit suicide and to help in carrying it out through so-called ‘assisted suicide’ means to cooperate in, and at times to be the actual perpetrator of, an injustice which can never be excused, even if it is requested…

Laws which legitimize the direct killing of innocent human beings through abortion or euthanasia are in complete opposition to the inviolable right to life proper to every individual…

Abortion and euthanasia are thus crimes which no human law can claim to legitimize.”

Evangelium vitae, Mar. 25, 1995

Theoretical Expertise Ranking:
    Experts
Individuals with MDs, JDs, PhDs, or equivalent advanced degrees in fields relevant to end-of-life issues. Also top-level government officials (such as foreign leaders, US presidents, Founding Fathers, Supreme Court Justices, members of legislative bodies, cabinet members, military leaders, etc.) with positions relevant to end-of-life.
Involvement and Affiliations:
  • Freedom Award, International Republican Institute, 2005 (posthumous)
  • 264th Pope of the Catholic Apostolic Roman Church, 1978-2005
  • Nominee, Nobel Peace Prize, 2004
  • International Charlemagne Prize, 2004
  • Doctorate, “Honoris Causa,” Jurisprudence, La Sapienza University, Rome, 2003
  • Honorary Citizenship of Rome, 2002
  • Honorary Harlem Globetrotter, 2000
  • Cardinal, 1967-1978
  • Doctorate, “Honoris Causa,” Johannes Guttenberg University, Mainz, 1977
  • Vatican Council II, 1962-1965
  • Archbishop of Krakow, 1964-1967
  • Titular Bishop of Ombi, 1958-1964
Education:
  • Doctorate, Sacred Theology, Jagiellonian University, 1948
  • Masters, Theology, Jagiellonian University, 1946
  • Priestly Ordination, Archbishop Metropolitan Adam Sapieha, 1946
Other:
  • None Found