Last updated on: 11/20/2009 | Author: ProCon.org

European Council for Fatwa and Research (ECFR) Biography

Position:
Con to the question "Should Euthanasia or Physician-Assisted Suicide Be Legal?"
Reasoning:

“Having considered the different legal stances Western countries take concerning Euthanasia, both in approval or rejection, the Council decided the following:…

The prohibition of the direct active euthanasia and the prohibition of suicide and assisting in bringing it about, for according to Shari’ah killing a patient suffering from a terminal illness is not permissible for the physician, the patient’s family or the patient himself. The patient whatever his illness and however sick he (or she) is shall not be killed because of desperation and loss of hope in recovery or to prevent the transfer of the patient’s disease to others, and whoever commits the act of killing will be a deliberate killer. The Qur’anic text confirms without a shadow of a doubt that homicide is forbidden absolutely, as Allah Almighty says: ‘And take not life, which Allah has made sacred, except by way of justice and law.’ (VI: 151) and as Allah Almighty also says: ‘Because of that We ordained for the Children of Israel that if anyone killed a person not in retaliation of murder or for spreading mischief in the land-it would be as if he killed all mankind.’ (V: 32)…

It is unlawful for the patient to kill himself (or herself) and it is unlawful for somebody else to kill him (or her) even if he is given leave to kill him. The former case will be suicide and the latter will be aggression against the other by killing him, for his permission does not render the unlawful act lawful. The patient does not posses his own soul to permit somebody else to take it.”

“Final Statement: Eleventh Ordinary Session of the European Council for Fatwa and Research,” ECFR website, July 30, 2008

Description:

“‘The European Council for Fatwa and Research’ is an Islamic, specialised and independent entity which comprises of a number of scholars. Its current headquarters is in the Republic of Ireland.”

‘The European Council for Fatwa and Research: Title Description and Headquarters,’ ECFR website (accessed Nov. 19, 2009)

Mission:

“The Council shall attempt to achieve the following aims and objectives:

  1. Achieving proximity and bringing together the scholars who live in Europe, and attempting to unify the jurisprudence views between them in regards with the main Fiqh issues.
  2. Issuing collective fatwas which meet the needs of Muslims in Europe, solve their problems and regulate their interaction with the European communities, all within the regulations and objectives of Shari’a.
  3. Publishing legal studies and research, which resolve the arising issues in Europe in a manner which realises the objectives of Sharia and the interests of people.
  4. Guiding Muslims in Europe generally and those working for Islam particularly, through spreading the proper Islamic concepts and decisive legal fatwas.”

European Council for Fatwa and Research: Objectives,’ ECFR website (accessed Nov. 19, 2009)

Other:
None found