M. Cathleen Kaveny, JD, PhD, John P. Murphy Foundation Professor of Law, in her 1997 Theological Studies article, "Assisted Suicide, Euthanasia, and the Law," explained:

“The term ‘euthanasia’ in general refers to a situation in which one party adopts a course of action with the intention of causing the death of a second party in order to alleviate suffering…’nonvoluntary’ euthanasia is performed on patients who have expressed and can express no view on the matter.”