The American Medical Association (AMA), in its 2006 "Decisions Near the End of Life" policy statement, distinguished between passive and active euthanasia:

“Our AMA believes that: (1) The principle of patient autonomy requires that physicians must respect the decision to forgo life-sustaining treatment of a patient who possesses decision-making capacity. Life-sustaining treatment is any medical treatment that serves to prolong life without reversing the underlying medical condition. Life-sustaining treatment includes, but is not limited to, mechanical ventilation, renal dialysis, chemotherapy, antibiotics, and artificial nutrition and hydration…

(4) Physicians must not perform euthanasia or participate in assisted suicide.”