X

Dear ProCon.org readers: This non-partisan non-profit oasis of truth on the Internet simply cannot exist without your support. Your donations keep the research flowing, the servers on, and millions of minds fed. Would you consider making a one-time (or monthly) tax-deductible donation to ProCon.org of at least $10? Thank you.
Dear ProCon.org readers: You know the world needs reliable, unbiased information on important issues – now more than ever. That's why you love ProCon.org, a nonprofit educational organization that provides – for free and without ads – nonpartisan facts, well-researched pros and cons, and a platform for critical thinking on today’s hottest topics to millions of students, teachers, and others. Please support ProCon.org with your tax-deductible donation in our fund drive.

If everyone who used ProCon.org donated $1, the charity would be around for decades. Millions visit but few give. This oasis of truth on the Internet simply cannot exist without your support.Your donations keep the research flowing, the servers on, and millions of minds fed. Would you consider donating at least $10 a year or becoming a recurring monthly donor? Thank you for supporting ProCon.org.
SUPPORT PROCON.ORGX



Last updated on: 6/5/2008 8:09:00 AM PST
What Is Voluntary Active Euthanasia?


General Reference (not clearly pro or con)
The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, in an entry last updated on Feb. 19, 2007, available at stanford.edu, defined voluntary euthanasia in the following terms:

"Those instances of euthanasia in which a clearly competent person makes a voluntary and enduring request to be helped to die."

Feb. 19, 2007 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy 

Erich Loewy, MD, Professor of Bioethics at the University of California, Davis Medical Center, in his 1998 essay "Harming, Healing and Euthanasia," published in Regulating How We Die, defined active voluntary euthanasia as:

"A direct act of killing, done at the direct request of the person being killed."

1998 - Erich Loewy, MD 

Michael Manning, MD, Author, in his 1998 book Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide: Killing or Caring?, defined voluntary active euthanasia as:

"Intentionally administering medications to cause the patient's death at the patient's request and with full, informed consent."

1998 - Michael Manning, MD